Washington — July 5
Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 195,000 in June, and the unemployment rate was unchanged at 7.6 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported Friday.
Employment rose in leisure and hospitality, professional and business services, retail trade, health care and financial activities.
The number of unemployed persons, at 11.8 million, and the unemployment rate, at 7.6 percent, were unchanged in June. Both measures have shown little change since February.
Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for adult women (6.8 percent) edged up in June, while the rates for adult men (7 percent), teenagers (24 percent), whites (6.6 percent), blacks (13.7 percent) and Hispanics (9.1 percent) showed little or no change. The jobless rate for Asians was 5 percent, down from 6.3 percent a year earlier.
In June, the number of long-term unemployed — those jobless for 27 weeks or more — was essentially unchanged at 4.3 million. These individuals accounted for 36.7 percent of the unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed has declined by 1 million.
The civilian labor force participation rate, at 63.5 percent, and the employment-population ratio, at 58.7 percent, changed little in June. Over the year, the labor force participation rate is down by 0.3 percentage point.
The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons — sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers — increased by 322,000 to 8.2 million in June. These individuals were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job.
In June, 2.6 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, essentially unchanged from a year earlier. These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the four weeks preceding the survey.
Among the marginally attached, there were 1 million discouraged workers in June, an increase of 206,000 from a year earlier. Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.6 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in June had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.
The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for April was revised from 149,000 to 199,000, and the change for May was revised from 175,000 to 195,000.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics