Washington — Sept. 7
Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 96,000 in August and the unemployment rate edged down to 8.1 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported Friday. Employment increased in food services and drinking places, in professional and technical services, and in health care.
The unemployment rate edged down in August to 8.1 percent. Since the beginning of this year, the rate has held in a narrow range of 8.1 to 8.3 percent. The number of unemployed persons, at 12.5 million, was little changed in August.
Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (7.6 percent), adult women (7.3 percent), teenagers (24.6 percent), whites (7.2 percent), blacks (14.1 percent) and Hispanics (10.2 percent) showed little or no change in August. The jobless rate for Asians was 5.9 percent (not seasonally adjusted), little changed from a year earlier.
In August, the number of long-term unemployed — those jobless for 27 weeks or more — was little changed at 5 million. These individuals accounted for 40 percent of the unemployed.
Both the civilian labor force (154.6 million) and the labor force participation rate (63.5 percent) declined in August. The employment-population ratio, at 58.3 percent, was little changed.
The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons — sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers — was little changed at 8 million in August. These individuals were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. In August, 2.6 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, essentially unchanged from a year earlier.
These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the four weeks preceding the survey.
Among the marginally attached, there were 844,000 discouraged workers in August, a decline of 133,000 from a year earlier.
Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.7 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in August had not searched for work in the four weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics