Washington — Aug. 3
Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 163,000 in July and the unemployment rate was essentially unchanged at 8.3 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics said Friday. Employment rose in professional and business services, food services and drinking places and manufacturing.
Both the number of unemployed persons — 12.8 million — and the unemployment rate — 8.3 percent — were essentially unchanged in July. Both measures have shown little movement thus far in 2012.
Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for Hispanics (10.3 percent) edged down in July, while the rates for adult men (7.7 percent), adult women (7.5 percent), teenagers (23.8 percent), whites (7.4 percent) and blacks (14.1 percent) showed little or no change. The jobless rate for Asians was 6.2 percent in July (not seasonally adjusted), little changed from a year earlier.
In July, the number of long-term unemployed — those jobless for 27 weeks and over — was little changed at 5.2 million. These individuals accounted for 40.7 percent of the unemployed.
Both the civilian labor force participation rate, at 63.7 percent, and the employment-population ratio, at 58.4 percent, changed little in July.
The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons — sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers — was essentially unchanged at 8.2 million in July. These individuals were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job.
In July, 2.5 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down from 2.8 million a year earlier. These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the four weeks preceding the survey.
Among the marginally attached, there were 852,000 discouraged workers in July, a decline of 267,000 from a year earlier. Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.7 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in July had not searched for work in the four weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics